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Blockchain-based Digital ID Could Help Eradicate Human Trafficking

Blockchain-based Digital ID Could Help Eradicate Human Trafficking

Blockchain-based Digital ID Could Help Eradicate Human Trafficking - techcryption-01

Human trafficking is a multi-billion-dollar form of international organized crime, constituting modern-day slavery using forced recruitment and retaining of people into a situation of exploitation through the means of deception and coercion. People are reportedly trafficked for many different forms of slavery such as forced prostitution, labour, domestic servitude, forced marriage, and organ donation.

In Malaysia, our geographical location and comparatively higher wages, made us a popular destination for human smugglers and traffickers. Besides, in 2019 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report produced by the US State Department, Malaysia remains under the Tier 2 watch list.

Estimated by The United Nations Office for Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 51% of identified victims of trafficking are women, while 28% are children and 21% are men. Furthermore, 72% of people found exploited in the sex industry are women while 63% of identified traffickers are men.

Fortunately, we are living in a digital era where the notion of every citizen having a digital ID is not too far-fetched. Thus, blockchain technology could come in handy by having someone’s virtual identity created on the platform using unique biometric information such as a fingerprint, or an eye scan.

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The information in the blockchain that is known to be immutable will not allow any forgery to be conducted, hence preventing traffickers to change a victim’s identity, a strategy often used by them to get victims across the border. The decentralized nature of a blockchain platform will also harden any hacker to tamper with the existing data.

Besides, the blockchain platform is transparent. Thus, blockchain ID documentation and tracking can take place anywhere in the world, in the end, further amputate the traffickers’ operation.  Having pointed out all the potential ways blockchain could help in preventing the rise of human trafficking, it is vital to also understand that this issue needs cooperation from every single person globally to make it stop.

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