The Election Commission of India is partnering with the Indian Institute of Technology to develop a blockchain system for voting. It aims to increase voter turnout and easier for Indians to cast their votes even when they are away from their hometowns. The plan is also to solve one of the biggest voting problems in the country.
According to reports, people do not vote due to being unable to get to their polling booth on the voting day. About 900 million people in India were eligible to vote in the 2019 elections but a third of them, or about 300 million people, did not vote largely due to the inconvenience.
The two-way remote-blockchain voting process would essentially require the voters to be present at a designated venue during the pre-decided period of time. In addition to that, voter identification and authorization will be needed, after the establishment of which a personalized e-ballot paper powered by blockchain will be generated.
Once the vote is cast, a smart contract will be executed. Then, the ballot will be securely encrypted and a blockchain hashtag [#] will be generated. This notification hashtag will be notified to the candidates and political parties.
Following the development, it is notable that India has recognized the blockchain technology can have potential use cases across domains such as governance, banking, finance and a few more, with its booming IT sector.
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